“Regarding Gaza We visited the metropolis of Abraham [Hebron], the fresh mosque where is actually of elegant, but good, construction, towering and you may loft, and you may oriented of squared rocks. . . It is said you to definitely Solomon commanded the brand new jinn to construct it. “(Gibb, p. 55.)
Inside it is the sacred cave that has had the fresh graves away from Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob, opposite that are three graves, which are the ones from its wives
Within chapter, you will observe much regarding Islam! Before you hear about Ibn Battuta’s trip, je glint zdarma you will need certain record towards crucial prophets he will inform regarding the. Have you any a°dea on Abraham? Perhaps you have heard about Adam and eve in addition to their sons Cain and Abel? Are you aware of regarding the Prophet Muhammad? These types of while some would-be brought contained in this section.
Ibn Battuta left Cairo and you will went in order to Damascus, Syria across the Regal Path. The latest Mamluk authorities planned caravans to bring pilgrims and you can resellers collectively so it trail. New Mamluks tested passports, taxed the latest merchants, and you may strictly monitored who was simply planning and you can from their region.
That it part of the Mamluk Kingdom was for the brutal battles which have Mongol Intruders. Out-of 1260 for the early 1300s, this new Mamluk warriors managed to force the new Mongol armies out out-of Damascus and you can northern Syria, and you will remaining her or him of getting Egypt and Palestine. Brand new Mongols got absorbed Baghdad and far of one’s Abbasid Kingdom from the 1258 trapping and you can damaging cities because they went.
The new Mamluk armies safe the fresh empire and you may left unlock this new trading pathways in addition to pilgrimage pathways. Collectively one an element of the station troops toward horseback pulled carpet otherwise mats to help you smooth the fresh sand every night. The following morning this new soldiers sought after anybody who got left songs on the sand, pursued them and punished him or her seriously.
Damascus is such the next investment to the Mamluk, a urban area one Ibn Battuta simply had to pick! Away from Damascus he might connect with a good Hajj caravan and you can over their stop by at Mecca in safety. However, there had been almost every other holy internet observe on this part off their excursion: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, plus!
And you can a stream of pilgrims found these towns and cities within the coverage of your own Mamluk Sultan
This will be a map of Mamluk Empire and Mongol Khanates inside the 12 months 1294. If you evaluate that it to the map out of Ibn Battuta’s visits, you will see you to definitely by the time Ibn Battuta embarked to your their travels when you look at the 1325, the Mamluks had lost region on the Mongols. Notice the newest shifted edging in the field of progressive-big date Iraq.
Hebron is a beneficial holy website to have Muslims, Christians, and you can Jews since it is the fresh new burial place of “fathers” or “patriarchs” of monotheism (trust in one single Jesus): Abraham, Isaac, and you may Jacob. Near Hebron are other holy sites, like the burial-place out-of Lot.
They say you to Muhammad themselves decided to go to it holy site (along with Bethlehem) to help you pray on their Night Trip, putting some web sites much more holy and you can worthy of pilgrimage.
“Away from Gaza We travelled to the town off Abraham [Hebron], the newest mosque from which try out-of feminine, but generous, design, imposing and loft, and depending from squared rocks. . . People say one to Solomon asked the fresh jinn to create they. ” [Gibb, p. 55.]
He then found its way to Jerusalem that has been a rather small-town at the time, that have a populace of only about 10,100. “Their protective wall space was in fact within the ruins, section of its water supply had to be brought in. therefore was situated on not one of important trading routes. ” [Dunn, p. 56.] Yet ,, for the essential shrines and you can sanctuaries, it had been a fundamental piece of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: “God ennoble [Jerusalem] – third for the perfection after the a couple sacred Mosques [regarding Mecca and you may Medina] and host to ascension of your own Apostle from Goodness [Muhammed] – God bless your and provide your tranquility – whence he was swept up towards the paradise.”[Gibb, p. 77.] Right here he went to new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque therefore the Dome of one’s Material. This new silver-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque is actually manufactured in 691 around the on the Dome from the fresh new Stone.